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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Parryodrilus lavellei
TAXONOMY:
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DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Western Ghats, Karnataka, South India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Pellogaster bengalensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes     Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes   Order Opisthopora   Family Octochaetidae Genus Pellogaster Species bengalensis
TYPE:Exotic
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DESCRIPTION:Grassland (ungrazed), cultivated land (paddy crop), river bank
DISTRIBUTION:West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Pellogaster isabellae
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Octochaetidae Genus Pellogaster Species iesabellae
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DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Uttar Pradesh, India.
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Pellogaster simsi
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Octochaetidae Genus Pellogaster Species simsi
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DISTRIBUTION:Maharashtra, India.
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx aborensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species aborensis
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DISTRIBUTION:Abor, East Himalayas, India.
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx alatus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species alatus
TYPE:
LENGTH:84mm
DIAMETER:3mm
SEGMENTS:123
COLOUR:Dusky purple
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/3. Dorsal pores from 4/5. Setal rings closed dorsally and ventrally. No septa notably thickened, 6/7-8/9 slightly so. Gizzard in v. large, cylindrical, and rather soft. Intestine begins in xx behind the prostates. Last heart in xiii. Penial setae 1mm long. shaft almost straight.
DISTRIBUTION:Sitong Ridge, Darjiling Dist
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx annandalei
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species annadalei
TYPE:
LENGTH:160-280mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 6-10
SEGMENTS:170-215
COLOUR:Dark Violet-blue
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium proepilobous, shortly epilobous, or epilobous 1/2. First dorsal pores in 6/7. Setae very small in the anterior part. Clitellum xii-xxiv ring shaped. Septa thickened in the region of the seminal vessicles. Gizzard moderately large in vi. No calcifreous glands. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Kurseong, Darjiling Dist, Cherrapunji, Assam
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx annulatus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species annulatus
TYPE:
LENGTH:100-150
DIAMETER:4-6mm
SEGMENTS:198-230
COLOUR:Dusky purple
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium large, broad, epilobous 3/4. First dorsal pores in 5/6. Setal rings unbrokened or nearly so ventral. Clitellum rather than paler, xii-xvii. Septa from the anterior end as far as 9/10, as well as 17/18 and 18/19, slightly thickened. Intestine begins in xix. Last hearts in xiii. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Rotung and S. of Yembung, Abor country
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx bainii
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species bainii
TYPE:
LENGTH:23-50mm
DIAMETER:2-2.5mm
SEGMENTS:94
COLOUR:Dark Bluish Purple, Grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2, tongue cutt off behind. Dorsal pores from 4/5. Clitellum xiii-xvii. No septa thickened. Gizzard unrecoganizable. No calciferous glands. Intestine begins in xvi. Last heart in xii. Penial setae 1mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Near simla, W.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx ceylanensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species ceylanensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:42-75mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 2mm
SEGMENTS:120-140
COLOUR:Dorsally Violet with indistnct dark median stripe, ventrally Yellowish
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. Dorsal pores from 3/4. setae closer set ventrally. Clitellum ring shape, xiii-xvii. No septa notably thickened. Gizzard very small. Intestine begins in xii. Penial setae 0.3mm long
DISTRIBUTION:Peredeniya and point de galle, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx crassiseptatus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species crassiseptatus
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DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Chalakudi, Cochin, India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx daflaensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species daflaensis
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DISTRIBUTION:India.
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx daminensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species daminensis
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DISTRIBUTION:India.
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx excavatus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species excavatus
TYPE:
LENGTH:23-120mm
DIAMETER:2-5mm
SEGMENTS:75-165
COLOUR:Deep blue to Reddish-brown
CASTING:Short thread / rod like
DESCRIPTION:First dorsal pore in 4/5 or 5/6. Setal rings almost closed. Clitellum ring shaped, xiii-xvii. No septa specially thickened. Gizzard vestigial in vi. No calciferous glands. Last heart in xii. Seminal vesicles in xii-xiv. Penial setae may be in a group of 4-6 on each side. ; Phytophagous; Compost pit
DISTRIBUTION:E.Himalayas, Sadiya in Assam, Darjiling Dist, W.Himalayas, Simla Hills, Calcutta, Rajshahi, Sibur in Bengal, Bombay, Kandy in Ceylon, Pondicherry
DNA BAR CODING:






Perionyx excavatus.jpg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx festivus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species festivus
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DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx fossus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species fossus
TYPE:
LENGTH:86mm
DIAMETER:3.5mm
SEGMENTS:136
COLOUR:Dusky purple, Ple ventrally
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:prostomium epilobous 3/4., tongue cut off behind. Dorsal pores from 4/5. Clitellum 1/2xiii-1/3xvii. No septa notably thickened,. Gizzard rather large but soft in it. No calciferous glands. Intestine begins in xvii. Last hearts in xiii. Penial setae little modified, length 0.45mm.
DISTRIBUTION:Shillong, Assam
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx foveatus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species foveatus
TYPE:
LENGTH:50mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 3mm
SEGMENTS:112
COLOUR:Dark brown to dark purple
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. First dorsal pore in 4/5 or 5/6. Clitellum xiii-xvii or 1/2xviii. No septa specially thickened. Gizzard in v. No calciferous glands. Last hearts in xii or xiii. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Renging, Rotung, and Upper Rotung, Abour Country, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx fulvus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species fulvus
TYPE:
LENGTH:175mm
DIAMETER:2.5-4.5mm
SEGMENTS:178
COLOUR:Yellowish brown, Unpigmented
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. Dorsal pores from 4/5. Clitellum xiii-xvii. Septa7/8 and 8/9 slightly thickened. Gizzard in vi. Intestine begins in xvi. Last hearts in xii. Penial setae 0.83mm long almost straightly, tip curved.
DISTRIBUTION:Calcutta, Inle, S.Shan States, Burma
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx gravelyi
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species gravelyi
TYPE:
LENGTH:48mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 2mm
SEGMENTS:89
COLOUR:Light Purple
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 2/3, tongue broad, cut off interval. Dorsal pores from 6/7. Septa 7/8-9/10 slightly strengthened. Gizzard small but moderately firm in v. Intestine begins gradually in xi. Last heart in xii. Prostates occupying xvii-xix. Penial setae little modified, 0.4mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Pashok, Darjiling, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx heterochaetus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species heterochaetus
TYPE:
LENGTH:60mm
DIAMETER:2.5mm
SEGMENTS:100
COLOUR:Dark purple
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/3, tongue not closed behind. Dorsal pores from 5/6. Clitellum apparently xiii-xvii., best marked over xiv-xvii. Septa 6/7-8/9 slightly thickened. Gizzard in v. Intestine begins behind the prostates. Last hearts in xii. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Pashok, Darjiling, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx himalayanus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species himalayanus
TYPE:
LENGTH:56-62mm
DIAMETER:2.5-3mm
SEGMENTS:86-95
COLOUR:Grey, with Slight reddish tint Dorsally in front
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 3/5, tongue not cut off behind. First dorsal pore in 8/9. Clitellum xiii-xvii, ring shaped except on xiii.Septa of the region of the testes and some neighbouring ones slightly thickened. Gizzard in vi. No calciferous glands. Prostates with small, rather compact, irregular gladular part. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Sandakphu, Darjiling Dist, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx hingstoni
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species hingstoni
TYPE:
LENGTH:
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DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Darjiling, East Himalayas, India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx horai
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species horai
TYPE:
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DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx inornatus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species inomatus
TYPE:
LENGTH:96mm
DIAMETER:5mm
SEGMENTS:124
COLOUR:Yellowish brown
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium apparently proepilobous. Dorsal pores from 6/7. Setal rings unbroken ventrally. Septa 8/9 and 9/10 moderately thickened. Gizzard soft but of some size, squarish in v. Intestine begins in xiv. Last heart in xii. Penial setae 0.92mm long with straight shaft.
DISTRIBUTION:Sandakphu, Darjiling Dist, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx jorpokriensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species jorpokriensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:
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CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx kempi
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species kempi
TYPE:
LENGTH:75mm
DIAMETER:nearly 3mm
SEGMENTS:164
COLOUR:Light Brown
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Dorsal ventrally flattened, especially behind the clitellum. Prostomium epilobous 1/2., tongue cut off behind. First dorsal pore in 5/6. Clitellum xii-1/3xix. No septa notably thickened. No gizzard. Intestine begins in xix. Last heart in xiii. Prostates occupy xvii and xviii. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Kobo, Abor Country, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx koboensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species kobonsis
TYPE:
LENGTH:100mm
DIAMETER:4mm
SEGMENTS:144
COLOUR:Dorsally dark purple
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. First dorsal pore in 8/9. Setal are rings almost. Clitellum 1/2xiii-xvi. Septa6/7-8/9 slightly thickened.Gizzard in vi. Last heart in xii. Prostates in xviii. Penial setae 0.88mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Kobo, Abor Country, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx macintoshii
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species macintoshi
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
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COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Assam, Bengal, India And Akyab, Myanmar (and Nepal Valley)
DNA BAR CODING:






P. macintoshi.jpg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx millardi
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species millardi
TYPE:
LENGTH:40-90mm
DIAMETER:2-2.5mm
SEGMENTS:126-170
COLOUR:Deep purple dorsally, Brown ventrally
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2-2/3, sides of tongue converting behind. Dorsal pores from 4/5 or 5/6. Clitellum xiii-xvii. No septa thickened. Gizzard in v. No calciferous glands. Intestine begins in xviii. Last heart in xiii. Prostates compact, may be xviii and xix. Penial setae 0.44-0.65mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Bombay, Telegaon, Kalyan, Vivar, Igatpuri
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx miniatus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species miniatus
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
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COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx minimus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species minimus
TYPE:
LENGTH:up to 45mm
DIAMETER:1mm
SEGMENTS:100
COLOUR:Medium brown dorsally, a light brown ventrally
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2, tongue cut off behind. Dorsal pores from 4/5. Setal rings almost closed ventrally. Clitellum xiii or 1/2 xiii-xvii. No septa thickened. Apparently a vestigial gizzard in v.Intestine begins in xix.Last heart in xii. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Belgaum, Bombay Press
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx modestus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species modestus
TYPE:
LENGTH:85-167mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 4mm
SEGMENTS:174
COLOUR:Deep purple dorsally, Violet ventrally
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2, tongue open behind. Dorsal pores from 4/5. Setae more closely set ventrally. Clitellum absent. Septa 6/7 and 7/8 slightly thickened, 8/9 and 9/10 moderately so. Gizzard in v. Last heart in xiii. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Cherrapunji, Assam
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx mysorensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species mysorensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:38mm
DIAMETER:2mm
SEGMENTS:More than 90
COLOUR:Light brownish purple dorsally, pale ventrally
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobous or slightly epilobous. Dorsal pores present. Setae rings closed dorsally and ventrally. Septa 6/7-9/10 somewhat thickened, and also 12/13-15/16. Gizzard in vi. No calciferous glands. Last heart in xii. Penial setae 0.44mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Forest of Shimoga or Kadur Dist, Mysore
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx nainianus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species naianus
TYPE:
LENGTH:85mm
DIAMETER:2.5-3.5mm
SEGMENTS:105
COLOUR:Dark bluish-violet dorsally, Ventrally grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. tongue open behind. Dorsal pores from 3/4, apparently a rudimentary one in 2/3. Clitellum onlt distinguishable by colour , xiii-xviii. Septa of the anterior male region a little thickened. No calciferous glands. Last heart in xii. Setae medial from the male pore though not displaced or modified.
DISTRIBUTION:Naini Tal, W.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx nanus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species nanus
TYPE:
LENGTH:53mm
DIAMETER:1.5mm
SEGMENTS:100
COLOUR:Brownish-purple dorsally, Pale Ventrally
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Dorsal pores from 5/6. Setal ring almost closed dorsally and ventrally. No septa notably thickened. Gizzard in v. Intestine begins in ix. Last heart in xii. Prostates occupying xvii-xix. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Pashok, Darjiling, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx pallidus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species pallidus
TYPE:
LENGTH:80mm
DIAMETER:3.5mm
SEGMENTS:118
COLOUR:Pale
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. dorsal pores from 4/5. Clitellum xiii-xvi, slightly swollen. Septa 5/6 and 6/7 thin, 7/8-9/10, slightly thickened. Gizzard in vi. Intestine begin in xvii. Last heart in xiii. Prostates very small. Penial setae scarcely modified, of the ordinary from 0.175mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Kalimpong, Darjiling Dist, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx pincernus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species pincernus
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Ghoom, East Himalayas, India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx pokhrianus affinis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species pokhrianus affinis
TYPE:
LENGTH:55mm
DIAMETER:2.5mm
SEGMENTS:105
COLOUR:Light salty or purpllish
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 2.3, tongue open behind. Dorsal pores from 4/5. Setal rings almost unbroken dorsally and ventrally. Clitellum xiii-xvi. Intestine begins in xviii. Gizzard in v. Last heart in xii. No penial setae
DISTRIBUTION:Sitong Ridge, Darjiling Dist, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx pokhrianus pokhrianus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species pokhrianus pokhrianus
TYPE:
LENGTH:65mm
DIAMETER:3mm
SEGMENTS:96
COLOUR:Pale violet dorsally, Unpigmented ventrally
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2, tongue open behind. Dorsal pores from 4/5. Setae rings almost closed dorsally and ventrally. Clitellum xiii-xvi. No septa markedly thickened. Gizzard in v, large. Intestine begins in xviii. Last Heart from xiii. Seminal vesicles in xi and xiii. Prostates large in xvii-xix.
DISTRIBUTION:Sitong Ridge, Darjiling Dist, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx polythecus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species polythecus
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx pullus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species pullus
TYPE:
LENGTH:62mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 3.5mm
SEGMENTS:165
COLOUR:Dark grey both dorsally and ventrally
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 3/4, tongue triangular. Dorsal pores from 1/2. Clitellum xi-xx. No septa specially thickened. Gizzard entirely absent. Intestine begins in xviii. Last heart in xii. Prostates in xix. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Peradeniya, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx pulvinatus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species pulvinatus
TYPE:
LENGTH:57mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 3.5mm
SEGMENTS:126
COLOUR:Deep brown
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2, tongue cut off behind. Dorsal pores from 5/6. Clitellum xiii-1/2xix. No septa notably thickened. Gizzard in vi. Intestine begins in xv. Last heart in xii. Prostates occupying xviii and xix. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Near Ghoom, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx rimatus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species rimatus
TYPE:
LENGTH:80mm
DIAMETER:4.5mm
SEGMENTS:107
COLOUR:Light purple dorsally
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. Dorsal pores from 4/5. Clitellum xiii-xvi. Septa in the anterior part of the body, 7/8 and 8/9 thickened. Gizzard in v. Testis sacs in x and xi. Vesiclae seminales in xi and xii. Prostates occupying xviii and xix. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Sitong, Darjiling Dist
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx rufulus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species rufulus
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Assam, India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx saltans
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species saltans
TYPE:
LENGTH:60mm
DIAMETER:2mm
SEGMENTS:61
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Clitellum xiv-xvi. Male pores on papillae in a median pit. No penial setae
DISTRIBUTION:Nilgiri Hills, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx sansibaricus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species sansibaricus
TYPE:Native
LENGTH:32-63mm
DIAMETER:2.5-3.5mm
SEGMENTS:84-108
COLOUR:Purple dorsally, Pale ventrally
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. Clitellum ring shaped xiii-xvii. No septa noticeably thickened. Gizzard entirelt in vi. Last heart in xii. Prostates with large , deeply intent with glandular portion. No penial setae. Grassland (ungrazed), cultivated land.
DISTRIBUTION:Baroda, Igatpuri, Manmad, Wathur near Mahableshwar, Londa near Castle Rock , all in W.India, Kodaikanal, Palni Hills
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx setnai
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species setnai
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:South Setna, Darjeeling, India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx shillongensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species shillongensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:66mm
DIAMETER:3mm
SEGMENTS:120
COLOUR:Dusky purple dorsally, Ventral surface unpigmented
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2, tongue open behind. Dorsal pores from 3/4. Septa of anterior region slightly thickened, 6/7-9/10. Gizzard in vii. Intestine begins in xvi. Last heart in xii. Prostates confined to xviii. Penial setae 0.87mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Shillong, Assam
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx sikkimensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyxsikkimensis Species
TYPE:
LENGTH:120mm
DIAMETER:4-5mm
SEGMENTS:109
COLOUR:Dorsally violet grey, Darker in front, Ventrally grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2,. Setae rather small. Clitellum xiii-xvii. Septa 6/7-16/17 thickened. Gizzard small. No calciferous glands. Last heart in xii. Penial setae apparently one per bundle, 0.9mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Sandakphu, kurseong, Darjiling, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx sikkimensis sikkimensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species sikkimensis sikkimensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:120mm
DIAMETER:4-5mm
SEGMENTS:109
COLOUR:Dorsally violet grey, Darker in front, Ventrally grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2,. Setae rather small. Clitellum xiii-xvii. Septa 6/7-16/17 thickened. Gizzard small. No calciferous glands. Last heart in xii. Penial setae apparently one per bundle, 0.9mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Sandakphu, kurseong, Darjiling, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx silvicola
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species silvicola
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Dhoni Forest, S. Malabar, India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx simlaensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species simlaensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:85-100mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 4-5mm
SEGMENTS:128
COLOUR:Violet-red, Bluish-violet, Grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Dorsal pores from 4/5. Clitellum ring-shaped, xiii-xvii. No septa specially thickened. Gizzard very small in v. Last heart in xiii. Testes and funnels free in x and xi. Prostates compact, thickly disk shaped.
DISTRIBUTION:Dharmpur, Simla Hills
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx sp
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species sp
TYPE:Epigeic/ Epiendogeic
LENGTH:120-206mm
DIAMETER:3-6mm
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:Bluish purple dorsally
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Phytogeophagous; Rubber plantation, Leaf litter soil
DISTRIBUTION:
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx turaensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species turaensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:74mm
DIAMETER:2mm
SEGMENTS:132
COLOUR:Dark brownish-purple
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. Dorsal pores from 4/5 or 5/6. Setal rings almost closed ventrally. Clitellum includes 2/3 xiii and whole of xvii. No septa specially thickened. Gizzard in vi. Intestine begins in xviii. Last heart in xii. Penial setae 0.5mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Gora Hills, Assam
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx variegatus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species variegatus
TYPE:
LENGTH:21-24mm
DIAMETER:2-2.5mm
SEGMENTS:49-63
COLOUR:Yellowish grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 2/3, tongue open behind. First dorsal pores in 5/6. Clitellum xii-xvii. Septa throughout the body stronger than in usual in earthworm. Gizzard small in v. No calciferous glands. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Phallut, Darjiling Dist, E.Himalayas
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Perionyx vidakensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Perionyx Species vidakensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Pithemera bicincta
TAXONOMY:
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Polypheretima elongata
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes     Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes  Order Opisthopora  Family Megascolecidae Genus Polypheretima Species elongata
TYPE:Exotic
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:In the form of cords
DESCRIPTION:Phytogeophagous; Around compost pit, Grazed grassland.
DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Polypheretima taprobanae
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecidae Genus Polypheretima Species taprobanae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Pontodrilus agensae
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:65mm
DIAMETER:1mm
SEGMENTS:116
COLOUR:Dark brown
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous, onlt slight and delimited from the first segments. Clitellum lighter than the reast of the surface. Septa 9/10-11/12 moderately thickened. No gizzards. Last heart in xii. Seminal vessicles in ix and xii.
DISTRIBUTION:Horton plains and Elk plains, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Pontodrilus bermudensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:32-65mm
DIAMETER:Maxi,um 2-2.5mm
SEGMENTS:106-108
COLOUR:Light grey, Bright pink in life
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium slightly epilobous. No dorsal pores. Clitellum saddle-shaped, 1/2xiii-xvii. Septa increase in thickness from 6/7 to 9/10. No gizzard. Intestine begins in xv. Last heart in xiii. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Littoral, Chilka Lake, E.Coast, Goa, Madaras, Pamban, Malabar Coast, Bombay, Belligamme, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING: click here






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Pontodrilus litoralis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Pontoscolex corethrurus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes     Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora   Family Glossoscolecidae Genus Pontoscolex Species corethrurus
TYPE:Endogeic
LENGTH:60-120
DIAMETER:4mm
SEGMENTS:90-212
COLOUR:Unpigmented
CASTING:Composite irregular casts
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium with segment I retractile. Setae slightly ornamented. Clitellum xv or xvi. Male pores on 20/21. Septa 5/6, 6/7-10/11 thickened. ; Geophagous; Garden, pasture, around compost pit, rubber plantation, mixed forest, pineapple orchard.
DISTRIBUTION:Hyderabad, Deccan, Andaman Island, Bombay, Poona, Ahmedabad, Adam's Peak, Peradeniya, Kandy, Colombo, Avissavela, Mangalore, Calicut, Tiruvellur, Mangalore, Trivandrum, Neyyathinkar, Pondicherry.
DNA BAR CODING:






P. corethrurus.jpg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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