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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Malabaria biprostata
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Ocnerodrilida Genus Malabaria Species bisprostata
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Travancore, SouthIndia
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Malabaria levis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes    Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes   Order Opisthopora    Family Ocnerodrilida Genus Malabaria Species
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Hainan Island, Myanmar, Vietnam and India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Malabaria paludicola
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Ocnerodrilida Genus Malabaria Species paludicola
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Vilayur, Walluvanad, S. Malabar, India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Malabaria sulcata
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Ocnerodrilida Genus Malabaria Species sulcata
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Mallehulla indica
TAXONOMY:
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Karnataka, India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex gracilis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Naduvatam,Nilgiris Hills.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex hulikalensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex viridis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Found in the woods of S. Ceylon, near Belligamme, SriLanka
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex acanthodriloides
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:210-260mm
DIAMETER:8-9mm
SEGMENTS:143-149
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous. Dorsal pores present. Setal rings with irregular dorsal and ventral breaks. Male pores on small papillae. Septa 6/7-12/13 thickened. The anterior one less than the other. Gizzard in vi. Intestine behins in xv. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Peradeniya, ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex adami
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:320mm
DIAMETER:3-4mm
SEGMENTS:290
COLOUR:Reddish Flesh-colour
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:First dorsal pores in 7/8. Setae very small , especially in the middle and hinder parts of the body. Male pores on small roundish papillae in the setal zone. Female pores are indicated by a small glaandular area in the setal zone. Septa 6/7-11/12, fairly strongly tickened. Prostates rather small, irregularly disk like , much incised, duck about as long as the gladular part is wide.
DISTRIBUTION:Bulutota,above Ratnapura, Adam's Peak, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex auriculata
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex avicula
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex bifoveatus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:48-80mm
DIAMETER:maximum 2-3mm
SEGMENTS:100-126
COLOUR:Grey, with purple or pink tinge on dorsal surface anteriorly
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Clitellum browner. Prostomium epilobous 1/2-3/4, toungue cut off behind. Dorsal pores from 4/5 or 5/6. Setae arranged in fairly regular longitudinal rows. Septum 12/13 and apparently a variable number infront of and behind this are thickened. Gizzards rather small, short and cylindrical, in the hinder part of vii. Last heart in xiii. Penial setae 0.75mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Pattipola and Horton plains, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex brachycyclus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:80mm
DIAMETER:3mm
SEGMENTS:213
COLOUR:Dorsally in middle and hinder parts of body light reddish-brown, for the rest an equable grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Dorsal pores from 5/6. Setal rings almost closed. Male pores are small. Intestine begins in xv. Prostate with small loosely racemose glandular part, duct narrow. Penial setae 1.3mm long, slightly bowed, and very slightly thinner towards the free end.
DISTRIBUTION:Ratnapura, at the foot of Adam's Peak, Ceylon.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex caeruleus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:25-1000mm
DIAMETER:20-37mm
SEGMENTS:250-290
COLOUR:Bluish green
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Dorsal pores from 6/7. Setae closer set and larger ventrally. Clitellum ring shaped in front, saddle shaped behind. Septa 8/9-12/13 thickened, all strongly except the first. Gizzard in v. No Calciferous glands. Prostates small, with fairly smooth gladular part. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Kandy, Peradeniya, Nuwara Eliya, all in Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex campester
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:60-74mm
DIAMETER:maximum 4mm
SEGMENTS:139
COLOUR:dark slate
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2-2/3, tongue cut off behind. Dorsal pores from 5/6. Setal rings on whitish line, dorsally a small break. Clitellum xiii-xvii. No septa notably thickened. Gizzards large, firm, barrel-shaped, in vii. Intestine begins in xiv. Last heart in xiii. Prostates flattend, lobed, occupying, xviii- xix or xx. Penial setae 1.7mm long, almost straight, with slight cure distally.
DISTRIBUTION:Horton Plains, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex ceylonicus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:225mm
DIAMETER:10mm
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:Black dorsally, Dark grey ventrally, except over clitellum, where it is black also.
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Setal rings closed dorsally, a very slight ventral gap, number in posterior part of body 51. Clitellum ring shaped xiv-xvi and a part of xvii. Last heart in xiii. Prostate with lobular glandular part extending through several segments. Duvt narrow , long, long and curved.
DISTRIBUTION:Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex cingulatus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:220mm or less
DIAMETER:3-6mm
SEGMENTS:157
COLOUR:Bluish to reddish violet
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 3/5, tongue cut off behind. First dorsal pore in 5/6. Clitellum xii-xvii, ring shaped, but interrupted venrally in the blinder half of xvii. Septum 6/7 very thin, 7/8-11/12 or 13/14 thickened. Gizzard in vi or vii or both. Intestine begins in xiv or xv. Last heart in xiii. Penial setae 1.7mm long, with sharp tip, bowed shaft, and thick proximal end.
DISTRIBUTION:E. of Badulla, Avissavela, Kandy, and Probably Peradeniya, all in Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex cochinensis cochinensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:175-220mm
DIAMETER:4mm
SEGMENTS:224
COLOUR:Grey, non-pigmented
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Dorsal pores from 5/6.Setae closer set ventrally. Clitellum xiv-2/3xvii. Male pores have oblique wavy slits. Female pores apparently single. Septa 6/7-11/12 moderately thickened. Gizzards large and barrel shaped in v. Prostates limit to xviii. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Forest tramway, Cochin State
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex cochinensis phaseolus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:180mm
DIAMETER:maximum 3mm
SEGMENTS:270
COLOUR:Grey, with a bluish tinge in parts, Clitellum orange.
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:setae closer set ventrally. Clitellum xiv-xvii. Male pores as fine grooves, oblique in position,beginning in front on the kidney-shaped elevation. A smaller sircular papilla anteriorly on xix, bordering the groove.
DISTRIBUTION:Parambikulam, Cochin state
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex curgensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:125-130mm
DIAMETER:maximum 4.5mm
SEGMENTS:115
COLOUR:Yellowish white
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous. Dorsal pores from 5/6. Setae enlarged at end of body, Dorsal irregular break. , aa=2ab, zz=2-3yz. Clitellum ring shaped 1/2xiii-1/2xviii. Septa 7/8-12/13 thickened, the middle one of the series fairly strongly. Gizzards in vi. No calciferous glands.Penial setae thin and delicate,2.7mm long, spoon shaped.
DISTRIBUTION:Madapur and somavarpatna, Coorg
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex dubius
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:106mm
DIAMETER:6mm
SEGMENTS:134
COLOUR:Slate-blue, Slight lighter on ventral surface
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2, tongue almost closed behind. Dorsal pores from 6/7. Setae more closely and smaller, ventrally than dorsally, no ventral break. Septa 5/6-7/8 slightly strengthened, 8/9 moderately, 9/10-15/16 considerably. Gizzard large and firm in v and vi. Prostate very small, consisting of a number of bodywall, and without visible duct. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Kurseong, E.Himalaya
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex escherichi escherichi
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:43-45mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 3mm
SEGMENTS:104-119
COLOUR:Dorsally dark Brown-violet, laterally lighter, Ventrally Yellowish white
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 2/3, tongue open behind. First dorsal pores in 5/6. Setae small, ventrally much closer set than dorsally. Clitellum xiv-xvii. Female pores are paired. Septa 8/9-12/13 very little thickened, 10/11 and 11/12 most distinctly so. Gizzards large in vii. Prostatesirregularly disk shapped. Penial setae almost straight, 0.65 mm long
DISTRIBUTION:Hidana near Peradeniya, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex escherichi papillifer
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:55mm
DIAMETER:3mm
SEGMENTS:121
COLOUR:much as in type form
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2, tongue either cut off behind or not, Setal rings broken dorsally and ventrally. Gizzard partly in vi, the septum is attached round its anterior part, behind the anterior third.Penial septae narrow at the truncated distal end. Spines in 6-7 rings.
DISTRIBUTION:Horton Plains, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex eunephrus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:more than 85mm
DIAMETER:maximum 3mm
SEGMENTS:195
COLOUR:Uniform lilae-grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium proepilobous. Setae nearly constant in number. Male pores near the lateral angles, in line with b. Septa 6/7-8/9 moderately thickened. Gizzard in v. Intestine begins in xxi. No calciferous glands. Last heart in xiii. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Coorloon, Travancore, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex filicisesta
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:63-70mm
DIAMETER:2-3mm
SEGMENTS:118
COLOUR:Dorsally bluish grey behind, purplish in front
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous3/4, tongue closed behind. First dorsal pores in 5/6. Clitellum xiv-xvi. Septa 8/9-11/12 moderately thickened, 7/8 and 12/13-13/14 slightly so. Gizzards barrel shaped in vi. Intestine begins in xv. Prostates small, flattened, and confied to xviii. Penial setae 1.3mm long, shaft bent in boe.
DISTRIBUTION:Parambikulam, Cochin state, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex funis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:255mm
DIAMETER:3-5mm
SEGMENTS:386
COLOUR:Indefinite Bluish Grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium small, rectractile. First dorsal pore in 12/13. Setae is small. Clitellum is not distinguished. Septum 5/6 very thin, 6/7-13/14 thickened. Gizzard in v. Intestine begins inxvii. No calciferous glands. Last heart in xiii. Prostates with long band-like glandular part. Penial setae 2mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Kandy, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex hendersoni
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:140-230mm
DIAMETER:maximum 6-8mm
SEGMENTS:110-152
COLOUR:Dorsally bluish Grey anteriorly, passing into a Brownish or Reddish grey behind
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium tanylobous, tongue rather broad. Dorsal pores from 5/6. Setae fairly large. Septa 7/8-13/14, thickened, espically 10/11 and 11/12. Gizzard very large, in front of 6/7. Last hearts in xiii. Prostates confined to xviii. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Tiger Shola near Kodaikanal, Palni Hills, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex horai
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:110mm
DIAMETER:2.5mm
SEGMENTS:188
COLOUR:Yellowish Grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium slightly epilobous. Dorsal pores from 10/11. Setae in fairly regular longitudinall lines. Septa 7/8-13/14 very slightly strengthened. 6/7 and 7/8 attached to body-wall ventrally begin normal position. Gizzard in v. Calciferous in x, xi and xii. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Cherrapunji, Assam
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex hortonensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:72mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 3mm
SEGMENTS:141
COLOUR:Light Grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobous. Dorsal pores from 8/9 or infront of this . Setal rings broken dorsally and ventrally, zz=2yz, aa=2ab. Clitellum xiv-xvi smooth, delimited by a constriction at each end. Septa 6/7-13/14 slightly thickened. Gizzard in v. No calciferous. Intestine begins inxix. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Horton Plains, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex imperatrix
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:650mm
DIAMETER:11mm
SEGMENTS:200
COLOUR:Dark Brown
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous, enchroches very slightly on peristomium. First dorsal pores in 5/6. Setal rings almost closed, number 52/ii, 80/v, 110/ix. Gizzard in vii. No calciferous glands. Dorsal vessel double in vii. No penail setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Lamb's Rock, Coonoor, in dense forest or jungle, also on yhe Hulikal Droog Opposite, on the other side of the ravine
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex insignis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:45-83mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 2-2.5mm
SEGMENTS:115-145
COLOUR:Yellowish grey, Clitellum light orange yellow
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 2/5, tongue open behind. Dorsal pores from 10/11. Setae small. Septa 6/7-13/14 thickened. No calciferous glands. Last heart in xiii. oOvisacs or similar structures may be present in xiv. No penail setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Trivandrum, Nedumangad and kerumaadi in Travancore, Karakulm, Cochin state, Panadhure, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex kavalaianus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:57mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 1.5mm
SEGMENTS:94
COLOUR:Pinkish Grey, Anterior end Purplish
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium small,epilobous 1/2. First dorsal pore in 5/6. Setae often small and difficult to see zz=2yz, aa=4ab in front of clitellum. Clitellum 1/2xiii-3/4xvii. No septa thickened. Gizzard barrel-shaped in vi. Ovisacs or similar structures present in xiv. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Kavalai, Chochin state, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex kempi
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:44mm
DIAMETER:2mm
SEGMENTS:115
COLOUR:Grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobous. Dorsal surface flattened, slightly grooved in middle and posterior thirds. First dorsal pore in 6/7. Clitellum xiv-1/3xvii. Gizzard in vi, barrel-shaped, well developed. No calciferous glands. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Horton Plains, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex konkanensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:415mm
DIAMETER:2-3mm
SEGMENTS:218
COLOUR:Whitish or Yellowish grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/3, tongue narrow and small. First dorsal pore in 4/5. Setae fairly small. Clitellum ring shaped, xiv-xvi. Septa 6/7-12/13, thickened, the anterior one fair as 9/10 fairly strongly. Gizzards large in v. No calciferous glands. Intestine begins in xvi. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Trivandrum, Shasthancottab, Kulattapuzha, Maddathoray, Kerumaadi, Quilon. Kottayam, all in Travancore, Eranakulam, Chitoor in Cochin, Palaghat, Calicut, Tiruvallur and tirur in malabar, Mangalore in S.Kanara, Laccadive Is, N.Konkan
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex konkanensis longus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:345-570mm
DIAMETER:maximum 3-4mm
SEGMENTS:400-550
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium probilobous, with the addition of two short grooves on the dorsal surface segments. First dorsal pores is 5/6. Setae infront of clitellum mostly very small, ventrally setae of xii-xvii enlarge. Gizzards in v. Prostates small, confined in xviii.
DISTRIBUTION:Parambikulam, Cochin state
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex lawsoni
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Ootacamund, Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex leucocyclus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:240-370mm
DIAMETER:10-12mm
SEGMENTS:133-174
COLOUR:133-174
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 2/5.First dorsl pore in 5/6. Setae more closely set ventrally than dorsally. Clitellum ring shaped, swollen, xii or xviii. Septum 8/9 slightly, 9/10-12/13 more strongly thickened. Gizzards in vii. Intestine in xv. Last heart in xiii. Penial setae 3mm long, slight bowed.
DISTRIBUTION:Kandy and Nuwara Eliya, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex longiseta
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:180mm
DIAMETER:5-6mm
SEGMENTS:240
COLOUR:Yellowish or in parts Brownish grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:First dorsal pore in 7/8. Male pores ventro-lateral, 2/7 of circumference apart. Septa 6/7-12/13 rather strong, 13/14 scarcely thickened. Gizzard large in v. No caciferous glands. Ptostates with rather small, rather loose grape-like gladular portion. Penial setae 7mm long, very slender.
DISTRIBUTION:Nuwara Eliya, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex lorenzi
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:27-60mm
DIAMETER:1-2mm
SEGMENTS:121
COLOUR:white.
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium proepilobous. Dorsal pores from 4/5, that of 9/10 very large, that of 8/9 only a little smaller. Setae set closer dorsally than ventrally. Clitellum including xiv-xvi and part of xiii and xvii. Septa 5/6-13/14 thickened, the middle ones of the serious most so. Gizzard very small but not vestigial in v. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Kandy and Peradeniya, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex multispinus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:150-195mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 5.5-7mm
SEGMENTS:115-145
COLOUR:Equable Bluish grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobous. Setae all very small. Clitellum saddle-shaped. Male pores on prominent papillae. Female pores on paired. Septum 5/6 thin, 7/8 thickened. Gizzard in v and vi. No calciferous glands. Intestine begins in xv or xvi. Hearts in xiii. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex nureliyensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:133-155
DIAMETER:6.5-7mm
SEGMENTS:109-127
COLOUR:Colourless
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. First dorsal pores in 5/6. Setae rings with irregular dorsal break. Clitellum indefinite, may be absent in fully matured individual, about xiii-xvii. Septa 8/9-13/14. Gizzard in vi. No calciferous glands. Intestine begins in xv. Hearts in xiii. Penial setae 1.6-2.5mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Nuwara Eliya, Horton Plains, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex pattipolensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:50mm
DIAMETER:2.5mm
SEGMENTS:129
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium combined pro- and epilobous. First dorsal pores in 5/6. Setae a and b in regular longitudinal lines. Septa 7/8 and 8/9 moderately and 9/10 and 10/11 considerably strengthened. Gizzard in vi. Calciferous glands in Xv and xvi. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Patttipola, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex peermadensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex peranellus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Sri Lanka.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex pharetratus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:50mm
DIAMETER:Mximum 3mm
SEGMENTS:150
COLOUR:Alcohol White
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous. First dorsal pore in 6/7. Setal break regular venrally, and very large, dorsal break irregular. Clitellum xiv-xvii. Septa of the anterior part of the body as far as 9/10 much thickened. Gizzard elongated. Penial setae a little more than 1mm long, with smooth distal end.
DISTRIBUTION:Kandy, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex pheretima
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:65mm
DIAMETER:2-3.5mm
SEGMENTS:85
COLOUR:Dorsally reddish or Brownish grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Setae on pale circular ridges. Prostomium epilobous 3/5. Dorsal pores from 5/6. Septa 6/7-14/15 thickened, those of the tests segments strongly so. Gizzard very large in vi. No penail setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Manakoti, Coorg
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex polytheca polytheca
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:160-250mm
DIAMETER:maximum 3.5mm
SEGMENTS:264
COLOUR:Uniform gray
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium proepilobous or epilobous 1/2, tongue open behind. Dorsal pores from 4/5. Setal rings almost closed dorsally. Setae of v-ix set on raised ring. Septa 7/8-11/12 considerably thickened, 7/8-9/10 most of all. Gizzards barrel shaped in v. No calciferous glands. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Kavalai, Cochin state
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex polytheca uniquus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex polytheca zonatus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:110mm
DIAMETER:2.5mm
SEGMENTS:145
COLOUR:Medium Grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2, the side of the tongue converting behind, but the hinder end open. Dorsal pores from 5/6. Clitellum well deminished, from xiv to near hinder end of xvii. Male pores are small. Female pores are single.
DISTRIBUTION:Parambikulam, Cochin state.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex porphyrozonus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex pumilio
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:54mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 1.5mm
SEGMENTS:109
COLOUR:Equable Grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/3., tongue not cut off behind. Dorsal pores from 5/6. Clitellum xiv-xvi. Septa7/8-9/10 thickened, 6/7 somewhat so. Gizzard in v. Seminal vesicles in ix and xii.
DISTRIBUTION:Trivandrum, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex quintus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:37mm
DIAMETER:2.5mm
SEGMENTS:139
COLOUR:Light Grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. Dorsal pores from 6/7. Septal ring interrupted irregularly dorsally, regularly ventrally. Male pores in line with b, on very small papillae.Septa 8/9-13/14, thickened. Gizzard in vi. Saminal vesicles in xi and xii. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Pattipola, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex ratus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:230-315mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 7-10mm
SEGMENTS:162-218
COLOUR:Dorsally Violet-brown or dark violet, Ventrally grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium tanylobous, epilobous 1/2. Clitellum saddle-shaped, xiv-xviii. Male pores each on whitish tubercles. Female pores paired. Septa 7/8-12/13 much thickened. Gizzard in v. Intestine begins in xiv. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Coorloon, Chimungi, Trivandrum, in S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex sarasinorum
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:140-190mm
DIAMETER:5.5-7mm
SEGMENTS:136-148
COLOUR:Destroyed by praseavatives
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobous. First dorsal pore in 5/6. Setae more closely set dorsal in aanterior part of the body. Septum 6/7 very thin, 7/8-13/14 thickened, gradually more. Intestine begin in xvi. Hearts in xiii Prostates compressed racemose, duct s-shaped, muscular.
DISTRIBUTION:Trincomali, N. of Dambulla and Trincomali, Kaniya near Trincomali, Mahali Ganga, all in Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex schmardae
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:60mm
DIAMETER:3-3.5mm
SEGMENTS:190
COLOUR:Gry to yellowish-grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Dorsal present in front of clitellum region. Dorsally the ring irregularly broken. Septa 7/8-12/13 thickened. Gizzard in front of 7/8. Intestine begins in xv. Penial setae 1.2mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Ratnapura, at the foot of Adam's Peak, Ceylon.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex sextus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:100mm
DIAMETER:2mm
SEGMENTS:111
COLOUR:Brown
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 2/3, tongue faintly cut of behind. Dorsal pores in the anterior part of the body. Setal rings almost closed dorsally. Septa 9/10-13/14 may be slightly thickened. Gizzard in vii. Intestine begins in xiv Prostates occupy xvii-xxi lobulated. Penial setae 1mm long, shaft straight.
DISTRIBUTION:Pattipola, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex singhalensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:115mm
DIAMETER:5mm
SEGMENTS:136
COLOUR:Whitish or grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. No dorsal Pores. Setal rings almost closed. Clitellum ring shaped xiv-xvii. Septum 6/7 very fine, 7/8 rather stouter, 8/9-13/14 thickened. Gizzard in front of 7/8. No calciferous glands. Intestine begins in xv. Last hearts in xiii Ovisacs present in xiv. Penial setae 6.5mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Nuwara Eliya, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex spectabilis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:235-320
DIAMETER:5.5-9 to 7-10
SEGMENTS:157-174
COLOUR:Dorsally Bluish to violet
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/3, tongue open behind. First dorsal por 9/10. Setae on ridges, small in anterior part and middle of the body, fairly large towards hinder end. Clitellum ring shaped xiv-xvii. Septa 7/8-13/14 thickened. Seminal vesicles small, apparently vestingal, in xi and xii. Penail setae 2mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Vaxvella, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex sylvicola marinae
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex templetonianus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:250-560mm
DIAMETER:10-12mm
SEGMENTS:240-570
COLOUR:Yellowish to greenish grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium without dorsal pores. First dorsal pore in 11/12 or 12/13. Setal ring interrupted dorsally ventral. Male pores ventrally situated on small papillae. Female pores single. Septa 5/6 or 6/7-14/15 thickened. Gizzard in v. Penail setae 1.6mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Colombo, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex travancorensis ghatensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:80mm
DIAMETER:1-1.5mm
SEGMENTS:185
COLOUR:Light to Dark Grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Setae not paired in anterior segmants. Clitellum ring shaped xiv-1/3xvii. Spermathecal pores in 7/8 and 8/9. Prostates and spermatheca as in var. quilonensis
DISTRIBUTION:Maddathoray, Travancore
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex travancorensis bonaccordensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:250mm
DIAMETER:2.5-3.5mm
SEGMENTS:300
COLOUR:Pale, non-pigmented
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Body extremely long and thin. Clitellum ring shaped. Female pore single. Septa 5/6-14/15 thickened, the middle one of the serious most. Gizzard large in v.
DISTRIBUTION:Bonaccord, Travancore
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex travancorensis pentagonalis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:108mm
DIAMETER:3mm
SEGMENTS:More than 94
COLOUR:Medium Grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:First dorsal pore in 5/6. Clitellum not definitely limited xiv-1/4xvii. Septa 6/7-10/11 thickened. Gizzard in v, barrel shaped. No calciferous glands. Intestine begins in xvi.
DISTRIBUTION:Trivandrum, Travancore
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex travancorensis proboscidea
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex travancorensis quilonensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:85mm
DIAMETER:1-2mm
SEGMENTS:186
COLOUR:Light Grey, non-Pigmented
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. Pairing of setae in anterior segments. Clitellum ring shaped. Spermathecal pores in 7/8 and 8/9 in a line. Prostates extend through ten segments.
DISTRIBUTION:Maddathoray, Travancore
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex travancorensis travancorensis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:125mm
DIAMETER:1.5-2mm
SEGMENTS:280
COLOUR:Grey, non-pigmented
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium indistinctly epilobous. First dorsal pore in 4/5. Setae on ii-vi enlarged. Male pores in the setal zone. Female pores paired. Septa 6/7-12/13 thickened. Gizzard large in vi. No calciferous glands. No vapulatory sacs. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Pallode, Travancore, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex triangularis
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Kavalai, Cochin Forest, India.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex trilobatus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:86mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 4mm
SEGMENTS:160
COLOUR:Light Brown
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium combined pro- and epilobous 1/2, tongue not cut off behind. Dorsal pores from 11/12. Setal rings almost closed dorsally.Clitellum exends over 2/3xiv-xvii. Female pores are single. Septa 6/7-8/9 considerbly and 9/10-11/12 thickened. Gizzard in v. Intestine begin xx. Funnels free in x. Penial setae 1.2mm long, gently curved.
DISTRIBUTION:Baroda
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex tripartitus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex trivandranus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:72mm
DIAMETER:2mm
SEGMENTS:136
COLOUR:Grey with dark mid-dorsal line
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. Dorsal pores on 5/6. Clitellum xiv-xvii. Septum 7/8 slightly thickened. Gizzard with a smaller portion. Intestine begins xvi. Prostates small. No penial setae.
DISTRIBUTION:Trivandrum, Travancore
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex varians insolitus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:Up to 70mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 3mm
SEGMENTS:111
COLOUR:Light Grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobous. Dorsal pores from 6/7. Male pores in line with b. Female pore single. Septum 8/9 slightly thickened. No calciferous glands. Ovaries in xiii. Penial setae 5mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Horton Plains, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex varians simplex
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:62-90mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 2.5-3mm
SEGMENTS:114-184
COLOUR:Light grey or Olive
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobous or epilobous. First dorsal pore 9/10. Setal rings broken dorsally and ventrally. Clitellum xiv-xvii. Septa 7/8-10/11 thickened. Gizzard in vi. Prostates small and compact. Penial setae upto 7.25mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Nuwara Eliya and Pattipola, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex varians varians
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:85-290mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 3-7mm
SEGMENTS:136-252
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobous. First dorsal pores in 6/7. Setae in anterior part of the body.Clitellum upto 20. Septum 5/6 very thin, 6/7-11/12 thickened. Gizzard in v. Hearts in xiii. Penial setae in two sacs 2.5mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Nuwara Eliya, and Probably Perdeniya, both in Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex willeyi
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:40-55mm
DIAMETER:2.5-3mm
SEGMENTS:140
COLOUR:Yellowish-grey, non-pigmented
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium combined pro- and epilobous 1/2, tongue behind open. Dorsal pores begin from 9/10. Setae at the end of the body. Clitellum ring-shapped xiv-xvii. Septa 7/8-11/12 slightly thickened. Gizzard in vi. No calciferous glands. Penial setae 1mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Labugama in Ratnapura Dist, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Megascolex zygochaetus
TAXONOMY:Family Megascolecidae
TYPE:
LENGTH:50mm
DIAMETER:3mm
SEGMENTS:134
COLOUR:A Fairly bright Light brown
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:First dorsal pore in 9/10. Setae in the anterior segments regularly paired. Septum 5/6 very thin, 6/7-13/14 slightly thickened. Gizzard in v. Last hearts in xiii. Penial setae 2.5mm long.
DISTRIBUTION:Ratnapura, at the foot of Adam's Peak, Ceylon.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Metaphire andamanensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes      Order Opisthopora     Family Megascolecida Genus Metaphire Species andamanensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Andaman Islands.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Metaphire anomala
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecida Genus Metaphire Species anomala
TYPE:Native
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Cultivated land.
DISTRIBUTION:Peregrine. India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, China (Yunnan), etc
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Metaphire bahli
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecida Genus Metaphire Species bahli
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Sri Lanka, Philippines, Laos, Campuchia (Cambodia), Vietnam (and Thailand).
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Metaphire birmanica
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecida Genus Metaphire Species birmanica
TYPE:Native
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:River bank
DISTRIBUTION:Myanmar, China (Yunnan), India (Himalayas), Vietnam and Laos. Cultivated land
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Metaphire californica
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecida Genus Metaphire Species californica
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Metaphire harrietensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecida Genus Metaphire Species harrietensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Mt Harriett South Andaman.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Metaphire houlleti
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecida Genus Metaphire Species holleti
TYPE:Epianecic
LENGTH:92-200mm
DIAMETER:4-7mm
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:Slate colour dorsally
CASTING:Columnar or tower like casts with regular arrangement of spherical/sub spherical aggregates
DESCRIPTION:Phytogeophagous;Compost pit, sewage, rubber plantation, mixed forest, pineapple orchard, surface soil and litter
DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan
DNA BAR CODING:






Mhoulleti.jpg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Metaphire peguana
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecida Genus Metaphire Species penguana
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Geophagous;Around compost pit, pasture
DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Metaphire planata
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecida Genus Metaphire Species planata
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Geophagous; Pasture
DISTRIBUTION:Andaman Islands (India), Myanmar, Chiengmai ad Ko Chang (Thailand), Assam, Bengal, Dacca (Bangla Desh), Jharkhand State East Central India, Selangor, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Metaphire posthuma
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecida Genus Metaphire Species posthuma
TYPE:Exotic
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:Little heaps of individual spheroidal pellets
DESCRIPTION:Geophagous; Pasture , Garden (ungrazed), cultivated land, river bank.
DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Metaphire scitula
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecida Genus Metaphire Species scitula
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Andaman Islands.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Metaphire travancorensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecida Genus Metaphire Species travancorensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:South India.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Metaphire trivandrana
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Megascolecida Genus Metaphire Species trivancorensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:South India.
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Microscolex dubius
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Acanthodrilidae Genus Microscolex Species dubius
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan
DNA BAR CODING:






Microscolex dublius.jpeg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Microscolex phosphoreus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Acanthodrilidae Genus Microscolex Species phosphoreus
TYPE:
LENGTH:10-50mm
DIAMETER:1-2mm
SEGMENTS:75-90
COLOUR:Unpigmented
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium epilobous 1/2. No dorsal pores. Setae widely paired. Clitellum ring shaped xii-xvi. Prostates pores on xvii. Septa 6/7-12/13 moderately thickened. Gizzard in v. Last heart in xii. Penial setae delicate and center.
DISTRIBUTION:Peshawar in India
DNA BAR CODING:






Microscolex phosphoreus.jpg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Moniligaster aiyeri
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes     Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora     Family Moniligastridae    Genus Moniligaster Species aiyeri
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Moniligaster cernosvitovi
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Moniligastridae Genus Moniligaster Species cernosvitovi
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Moniligaster deshayesi deshayesi
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Moniligastridae Genus Moniligaster Species deshayesi deshayessi
TYPE:
LENGTH:150mm
DIAMETER:6.5mm
SEGMENTS:184
COLOUR:Medium Olive
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium indistinct. No dorsal pores.Setae closedpaired, minute. Clitellum not well m,arked. Septa 4/5 and 5/6 fused at their peripharal attachments, 6/7 and 8/9 much thickened. Prostates very larg. Ovisac champer present.
DISTRIBUTION:Parambikulam, Cochin state, Anachardie and neduvangad, Travancore, Ceylon
DNA BAR CODING:






___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Moniligaster deshayesi gravelyi
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Moniligastridae Genus Moniligaster Species deshayesi gravelyi
TYPE:
LENGTH:130mm
DIAMETER:5mm
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:Bluish grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium absent. Male pores between midway. Vas deferens enter prostate at its antal end. Prostate extend back to xii.
DISTRIBUTION:Trichur, Kerala
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Moniligaster deshayesi minor
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Moniligastridae Genus Moniligaster Species deshayesi minor
TYPE:
LENGTH:110mm
DIAMETER:Maximum 4mm
SEGMENTS:200
COLOUR:Reddish Grey with Greenish Irridescence
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobous. Setaev very fine and very closely paired. Clitellum x-xii, ring shaped, but less distinct ventrally in x and xiii. Prostates extend 2 or 3 segments backwords. Ovisac extend back to about xiv.
DISTRIBUTION:Travancore
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Moniligaster horsti
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Moniligastridae Genus Moniligaster Species horsti
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Moniligaster michaelseni
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Moniligastridae Genus Moniligaster Species michaelseni
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Moniligaster perrieri
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Moniligastridae Genus Moniligaster Species perrieri
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Palni Hills, Travancore
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Moniligaster stephensoni
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Moniligastridae Genus Moniligaster Species stephnosoni
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Moniligaster troyi
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Order Opisthopora Family Moniligastridae Genus Moniligaster Species troyi
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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