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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Dashiella khandalaensis
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DISTRIBUTION:Western Ghats,Maharashtra, South India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Deccania alba
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes     Order Opisthopora   Family Ocnerodrilidae Genus Deccania Species alba
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DISTRIBUTION:India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Dendrobaena hortensis
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TYPE:
LENGTH:15 – 50 mm
DIAMETER:2 – 3 mm
SEGMENTS:50 – 120
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DESCRIPTION:External – Body length 15 – 50 mm, diameter 2 – 3 mm, 50 – 120 segments. Color reddish. Head epilobous, first dorsal pore in 5/6. Glandular tumescence usually on 11 cd, 9 – 12 ab. Setae paired, setal arrangement after the clitellum: aa:ab:bc:cd:dd= 2.8:1:2.4:1.1:4.4. Clitellum usually on segments 27 – 33 saddle–shaped. Tubercles on 30 – ˝ 32. Male pore on 15 between setae b–c, frequently protruding into neighboring segments. Nephridial pores irregularly alternate between setal lines b – d.
DISTRIBUTION:
DNA BAR CODING:






Dendrobaena hortensis.jpg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Dendrobaena octaedra
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DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan
DNA BAR CODING: click here






Dendrobaena octaedra.jpg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Dendrodrilus rubidus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes    Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Lumbricidae Genus Dendrodrilus Species rubidus
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DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan
DNA BAR CODING: click here






Dendrobaena rubidus.jpg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Dendrodrilus rubidus rubidus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes    Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Lumbricidae Genus Dendrodrilus Species rubidus
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DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan
DNA BAR CODING: click here






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Dendrodrilus rubidus subrubicundus
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes    Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Lumbricidae Genus Dendrodrilus Species rubidus subricundus
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DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Dichogaster affinis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes    Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes      Family Octochaetidae Genus Dichogaster Species affinis
TYPE:Epigeic/ Epiendogeic
LENGTH:30-32mm
DIAMETER:1.2-1.5mm
SEGMENTS:140
COLOUR:Colorless, light
CASTING:Granular casts of tiny size
DESCRIPTION:Prolobus epilobs., Phytogeophagous,Compost pit, rubber plantation, mixed forest, Surface soil/ Leaf litter
DISTRIBUTION:Bombay and Baroda, Western India; Shasthancottah and Trivandrum, Travancore; Peradeniya andAnuradhapura, Ceylone.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Dichogaster annae
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Family Octochaetidae Genus Dichogaster Species annae
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DISTRIBUTION:Cosmopolitan
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Dichogaster bolaui
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Family Octochaetidae Genus Dichogaster Species bolaui
TYPE:Epigeic
LENGTH:20-40mm
DIAMETER:1.33-1.5mm
SEGMENTS:78-97
COLOUR:Light
CASTING:Granular casts of tiny size
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium proepilobous.setae is generally closed, towards the hinder end more widely paired; Phytogeophagous;Compost pit., soil surface,
DISTRIBUTION:Peradeniya(Ceylone); Ernakulam(Cochin) and Trivandrum(Travancore) in S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






D. bolaui.jpg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Dichogaster modiglianii
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Family Octochaetidae Genus Dichogaster Species modiglianii
TYPE:
LENGTH:22mm
DIAMETER:2mm
SEGMENTS:76
COLOUR:Dak grey
CASTING:Granular casts of tiny size
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium proepilobous; Phytogeophagous;Compost pit.
DISTRIBUTION:Calcutta, India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Dichogaster saliens
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes Family Octochaetidae Genus Dichogaster Species saliens
TYPE:
LENGTH:25-40mm
DIAMETER:1.5mm
SEGMENTS:96-120
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CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium tanylobous, tongue narrow; groove 1/2 less marked than the other groove. Setae rather small, closely paired.
DISTRIBUTION:Peradeniya, Ceylone.
DNA BAR CODING:






Dichogaster saliens.jpg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Diplocardia indica
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DISTRIBUTION:Buldana, Berar, Maharashtra, India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Diporochaeta montanus
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DISTRIBUTION:Karnataka, South India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Diporochaeta pellucida
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LENGTH:450mm
DIAMETER:4mm
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DESCRIPTION:Prostomium small, without dorsal process. Dorsal pore from 5/6.
DISTRIBUTION:Ootacamund, Nilgiris and Coonoor, TamilNaidu, SouthernIndia
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida aculeata
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species
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DISTRIBUTION:Chennai, Tamil Nadu, and bengal India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida agricola
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species agricola
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DISTRIBUTION:Taliparamba Farm,Malabar, India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida ampullacea
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species ampullacea
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DISTRIBUTION:Bengal, India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida annandalei
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species annandalei
TYPE:
LENGTH:35mm
DIAMETER:1.75mm
SEGMENTS:137
COLOUR:Olive
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobus. Setae closely paired. A genital area over groove 10/11 darker in color. Transversly oval. Three gizards. Testis projecting forwards and backwards from septum 9/10. Ovisacs extend backwards through several segments and are dilated at their hinder ends. Ampulla of spermatheca a relatively small spherical sac; atrium of moderate size, sac like, narrowing and becoming tubular at its base, where it is jointed by the spermathecal duct.
DISTRIBUTION:Caveri River, Tanjore, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida aruna
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species aruna
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DISTRIBUTION:India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida assamensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species assamensis
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DESCRIPTION:Geophagous;Rubber plantation, pineapple orchard, mixed forest
DISTRIBUTION:Bengal
DNA BAR CODING:






D. assamensis.jpg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida barwelli
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species barweli
TYPE:
LENGTH:30-38mm
DIAMETER:2.5mm
SEGMENTS:115
COLOUR:yellowish or greenish brown
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Body some what flattened. Prostomium without dorsal process, small; Clitellum ring shaped. Septa 5/6-8/9 much thickned. Gizzards 3 or 4. Testis are projecting forward or backward; prostates pear- shaped, with a thick glandular investment. Overy is very short and egg sac absent(?). spermathecae with pear shaped ampulla, long duct, and no atrium.
DISTRIBUTION:Kerumaadi, at S. end of Vembanaad Lake, Travancore; Chiala, Padaung Dist., Burma
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida caenosa
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species caenosa
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida calebi
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species calebi
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida chlorina
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species chlorina
TYPE:
LENGTH:130mm
DIAMETER:3.66mm
SEGMENTS:135
COLOUR:Greenish
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Septa 5/6-8/9 thinkned. Four gizzards. Testis sacs ooid, with rather pointed ends. Prostates hemispherical, of glandular appearance. Ovaries not enclosed in an ovarian chamber. Spermathecae with pear shaped or ovoid ampulla and small atrial dilation at ectal end.
DISTRIBUTION:Ootacamund, S.India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida coonoorensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species coonoorensis
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida dolosa
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species dolosa
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida duttai
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species duttai
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DISTRIBUTION:India.
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida elegans
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species elegans
TYPE:
LENGTH:130mm
DIAMETER:5mm
SEGMENTS:206
COLOUR:Grey, non pigmented
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium retractile, prolobus. No dorsal pores. Nephridiopores in line with lateral setae. Setae closely paired. Septa 5/6-8/9 exponantionally stout. Five gizzards in firsr rudimentary. Prostates elongated, no separate stalk. Ovarian chamber present, ovisac in hinder end bent forwards, narrow. spermathecal atrium larger, much larger than ampulla, shorty paired, narrower and on the body- wall; ducts entes its upper pole.
DISTRIBUTION:Bhagamandla, Coorg, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida exilis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species exilis
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DISTRIBUTION:Bengal, India.
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida fakir
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species fakir
TYPE:
LENGTH:85mm
DIAMETER:3mm
SEGMENTS:98
COLOUR:Lilac-grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomim prolobus. Setae closely paire; Septa 6/7-8/9 somewhat thickned. Four gizzards. Estis sacs project in both sides of 9/10, the anteseptal part again divided by a constriction, the postseptal part the larger. Vasa deferentia short and little wavy. prostates white, tubular, closely coiled, of equal thickness throughout, muscular at the ectal end, jointed by vas at the ental end. ovaries enclosed ina a thin-walled periasophageal capsule. overies cylindrical folded in themselves. Ampulla of spermathecae globular, duct loosely coiled; no muscular arial chamber.
DISTRIBUTION:Arumanallur, S.E of Trivandrum, S India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida fausta
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species fausta
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DISTRIBUTION:Bengal, India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida ferina
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species ferina
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DISTRIBUTION:Bengal, India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida fluviatilis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species fluviatilis
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DISTRIBUTION:India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida friderici
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species friderici
TYPE:
LENGTH:165mm
DIAMETER:6-7mm
SEGMENTS:370
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CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium zygolobus. Posterior end tapering. Dorsal pores represented by pis on inner surface of body wall. Setae closely paired. Septa 5/6-8/9 thickned; 9/10-11/12 displaced backwards dorsally. Three gizzards, the first feebly developed; testis sacs strongly constricted by the septum. prostates thickly ovoid, sessile, smooth. ovarian chamber probably not present; ovisacs long, thin,tubualr, reaching as far. spermathecae with sac-shaped ampulla; no atrial dilation.
DISTRIBUTION:Trincomali, Sri Lanka
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida ghatensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species ghatensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:80-195mm
DIAMETER:2-7mm
SEGMENTS:145-186
COLOUR:Grey brown
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Lateral regions in anterior part of animal appear thickned. Prostomium prolobus or zygolobous. Setae fairly closely paired. Gizzards variable in numberand position. Testis sac situated far back, in extreme cases, take several segments, connected by a narrow neck with septum9/10. vas defesns winding or coiled, lying partly in the neck of the sac. prostates ovoid or thickly pear shaped, with investment of glandular cells. ovarian chamber present; ovisacs reaches back. spermathecal ampulla thickly pear shaped. atrium variable large, with bilobed cavity, duct entering atrium in the depression between the lobes; or an upwardly - projecinf papilla; or ooid and sessile on the body wall; or embedded in a recess in the body- wall and not projecting.
DISTRIBUTION:Travancore; Kottayam; Ponmudi; Bonaccord, also in Travancore; in Chocin state
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida grandis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species grandis
TYPE:
LENGTH:520mm
DIAMETER:12mm
SEGMENTS:266-480
COLOUR:Clear brown
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobus. Setae small, closely paired. Sepa 5/6-8/9 much thickned; 9/10-10/11 displaced backwards. Five gizzards. Testis sacs oval projecting into extremely long,9.5 inches when untravelled. Prostate cushion like, circular, not glandular in appearance. ovaries in an oarian chamber; ovisacs tublar, extending. spermathecal ampulla pear-shaped; a small atrial enlargement of the duct, embedded in the body wall.
DISTRIBUTION:Naduvatam, Nilgiris; Nilgiris at elevation from 5000-6000ft
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida heterochaeta
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species heterochaeta
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DISTRIBUTION:India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida hodgarti
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species hodgarti
TYPE:
LENGTH:113mm
DIAMETER:3.75mm
SEGMENTS:164
COLOUR:Grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobus. Setae small and closely paired. Septa 5/6-8/9 thickned. Four gizzards; a slight strengthening of the oesophagus. Testis sacs kidney- shaped. Prostates small, tubular, with shining surface, slightly coiled, ental end slighlty dilated; vas deferens joining anterior face of prostate. ovarian chamber bounded by body wall above, but alimentary canal excluded; ovisacs small, finger- shaped, confined . spermathecal ampulla small, roundly ovoid; atrium finger- like, jointed by duct within the body wall.
DISTRIBUTION:Pangamati, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bengal.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida impertusa
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species impertusa
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DISTRIBUTION:Bombay and Manila
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida jalpaigurensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species jalpaigurensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:23mm
DIAMETER:2mm
SEGMENTS:106
COLOUR:Dark grey, light at anterior end
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobus relatively large; frist segment very short, Setae small, very closely paired. Septa 5/6-8/9 considerably thickned. Four gizzards; gizzards seperated from each other by thinner rings. Testis sacs projecting into large, sub ovoid, attached to the septum only by a narrow neck. vas deferens comparatively short, wavy. prostate vertically flattened, shaped aries, margin lobulated. ovarian chamber apparently not developed. spermathecal ampulla large, ovoid; atrim a simple projection on inner surface of the body-wall, from which arises an upwardly- projecting stlaked sac, of a much elongated ovoid shape, the stalk being half as thick and half as long as the sac proper.
DISTRIBUTION:Jalpaiguri, At base of Eastern Himalayas.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida japonica
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species japonica
TYPE:Endogeic
LENGTH:28-60mm
DIAMETER:2-3mm
SEGMENTS:upto 142
COLOUR:Grey or greenish grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium small, prolobus. Setae closely paired. Genitial papillae variable, but apparently always present in the sexual animals; paired or unpaired, two, three or four in number, each transversly oval patch, slightly raised, with a circular groove in the centre. septa 5/6-8/9 thickned, especially 6/7 and 7/8. two or theree gizards, large and sphericals, ecxept the first if there are three, which is smaller; testis sacs spherical, projecting. prostates thickly and shortly tubular, with glandular surface. ovarian chamber present; ovisacs thikly tubular, irregularly thickned and twisted. spermathecal ampulla pear-shaped, duct very long and thin, loosely coiled, altogether; atrium small, pear shaped, projecting backwards, joined below by the duct. feed on soil with little organic matter
DISTRIBUTION:Murree and probably Simla, W.Himalaya.
DNA BAR CODING: click here






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida kanarensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species kanarensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:60-70
DIAMETER:3.5mm
SEGMENTS:150-173
COLOUR:Pale grey, Anterior end lighter
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium small, pro or- zygolobous. Setae small, closely paired.Clitellium saddle shaped. Septa 5/6-8/9 thickned, especially the first three. Four gizzards,the first or the last is smaller than the others. Testis sacs with the longer part not constricted; terminal part of vas deferens rather thicker than the rest. prostate of moderate size, hemiovoidal, sessile, surface soft and yellowish. no ovarian chamber; ovisacs larger, ovoid, connected by a neck with septum 11/12. spermathecal ampulla large, irregular in shape; atrium a cushion like swelling partly embedded in the body- wall, several times as thick as the duct
DISTRIBUTION:Castle Rock and Talewadi, N.Kanara Dist., Bombay.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida lennora
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species lennora
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DISTRIBUTION:Bengal, India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida limella
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species limella
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DESCRIPTION:Geophagous;Pasture
DISTRIBUTION:Assam,Pondichery India
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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida loricata
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species loricata
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Bengal, India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida matthaii
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species mattaii
TYPE:
LENGTH:110-160
DIAMETER:2-5mm
SEGMENTS:240-250
COLOUR:White to grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Setae fine, very closely paired.Male pore just lateral, slit like surrounded by alrge circular areolae; from the hinder margin of each areola passes a ridge, convex ontwards, ending just in front of 11/12 somewhat lateral from the feale pores; a fine groove runs along the ridge.spermathecal pores small, eye-like, their centre just internal.
DISTRIBUTION:Calieur, on Malbar Coast
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida minuta
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species minuta
TYPE:
LENGTH:47mm
DIAMETER:1.75mm
SEGMENTS:150
COLOUR:Strongly pigmented
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Septa 5/6-8/9 very slightly thickned. Two or three gizzards, testis sacs ovoid. Prostates hemispherisal. No ovarium chamber; ovisacs extend back. Spermathecal ampulla ovoid; atrium a bifid widening of the duc at its ectal end.
DISTRIBUTION:Salem, Madras Pres.; Madras presidency at sea level up to 6000ft
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida modesta
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species modesta
TYPE:
LENGTH:75mm
DIAMETER:4mm
SEGMENTS:207
COLOUR:Brown
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Dorsal pores absent. Setae closely paired. Clitellum(?). Male area resembles that of D.somavarpatana; male pores have prominent anterior and posterior lips. Female pores? Spermathecal pores slightly outside the line of setae; a slightly elevated transversely oval flat papilla in front of each spermathecal aperture. Septa 5/6-89 thickned. two gizzards. testis sacs project. prostate small, soft, transversely oval, sessile. ovarian chamber apparently present; ovisacs extend back. no visible spermathecal atrium.
DISTRIBUTION:Moornad, Coorg, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida montana
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species montana
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Assam, India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida mysorensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species mysorensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Assam, India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida naduvatamensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species naduvatamensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:500mm
DIAMETER:5mm
SEGMENTS:400
COLOUR:Without pigment
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium small, pointed. Setae closely paired. Septa 5/6-8/9 moderatly thickned. Three gizzards. Testis sac slightly kidney shaped. Prosates appear glandular. No ovarian chamber. Spermathecal ampulla pear shaped to spherical; atrium small simple widening of the ducts, embedded in the body wall.
DISTRIBUTION:Naduvatam, Nilgiris, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida nagana
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species nagana
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Assam, India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida nandiensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species nandiensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Geophagous;Pasture, garden soil, bamboo & rubber plantation, pineapple orchard
DISTRIBUTION:Nandi Hills, South India,China(yunnan), Andaman Islands,Java(Buitenzorg),Sumatra (Indragiri)
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida nepalensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species nepalensis
TYPE:Native, Endogeic
LENGTH:50-123mm
DIAMETER:3.33-5mm
SEGMENTS:149-175
COLOUR:Yellowish grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobus. Setae closely paired. Dorsal pore absent, but represented by gaps in the muscular coat as seen from the inside of the body-wall; these occur as fer forward as 4/5. Clitellum ring shaped, male pore on prominent transverse oval papillae. female pores present. spermathecal pores just ventral. in some specimens genital markings present as broad transversely oval midventral cushion. septa 5/6-8/9 very strong, especially 5/6 and 6/7. four gizzards. testis sacs projecting forwards and backwards; testis tuft like, stalked; vas deferences very long, coiled in scores of conolutions prostates long, tube-like, in a U shaped loop, the vas entering enal end. ovarian chamber presen; ovisacs exend back through some segments. spermathecal ampulla irregular pear-shaped; atrial chamer marked by a fairly regular annulation, the epithelium markedly folded internally.
DISTRIBUTION:Gowchar, near Katmandu, Nepal valley; Rangmati, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bengal; Kierpur, Purneali Dist., Bihar; Dehra Dun.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida nilamburensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species nilamburensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:750mm
DIAMETER:7mm
SEGMENTS:566
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium broad. Setae long, black. Septa 5/6-8/9 much thickned. Five to six gizzards. Testis sac ovoid. Prostates not glandular in appearance. Ovarian chamber present. Spermathecal ampulla pear-shaped; atrium a dilatation of the end of the duct, small, embedded in the body-wall
DISTRIBUTION:Nilambur, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida papillifer papillifer
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species papillifer papillifer
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:60-120mm
SEGMENTS:5-7mm
COLOUR:
CASTING:Composite irregular casts
DESCRIPTION:Phytogeophagous; Pasture, rubber plantation, mixed forest, pineapple orchard
DISTRIBUTION:Bangladesh
DNA BAR CODING:






D. papillifer papillifer.jpg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida paradoxa
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species paradoxa
TYPE:
LENGTH:70mm
DIAMETER:3.75mm
SEGMENTS:148
COLOUR:Light grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobus. No dorsal pores. Setae small, closely paired.male pores small, inconspicuous, just outside the line. Female pores? Spermathecal pores small. Septa 5/6-8/9 considerably thickned. Four gizzards, the first smallest, the last largest. testis sacs depends. vas deferens relaively a very large coil, runs some distance up prostate before becoming lost in it. prostates large, flattened from side to side, glandular at edges, axial part more shiny; ectal part of prostate a twisted mass, bound togeetther by connective tissue and adherent to the ventral body-wall. ovarian chamber present; ovisacs form small projections/ spermathecak atrium large, tongue shaped, consricted a quarter or a third of its length from the body-wall, magins slightly lobed, duct joints its lower part.
DISTRIBUTION:Rangamati, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bengal
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida parambikulamana
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species parambikulamana
TYPE:
LENGTH:84mm
DIAMETER:3.5mm
SEGMENTS:140
COLOUR:Bluish grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Body wall appears thickned laterally. Setae small and closely paired.septa 5/6-8/9 considerably thickned. Three gizards, the firs smaller than the other. Testis sacs projecting slightly or not at all. Vas deferens extremely fine and tightly coiled, broader in its terminal portion where it joins the prostate. prostate large, ovoid, attached by a broad base; upper portion covered with glandular cells; vas deferens joins its anterior margin. ovarian chamber present, anterior and posterior walls inserted together into the dorsal parietes; ovisacs small, tubular , narrow behind, turned forwards and completely contained. spermathecal ampulla broadly oval; atrium teat-like, of moderate size, with cavity of simple form.
DISTRIBUTION:Parambikulam, Cochin state, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida parva
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species parva
TYPE:
LENGTH:75mm
DIAMETER:2mm
SEGMENTS:115
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Septa 5/6-8/9 thickned. Three or four gizzards. Testis sacs slightly kidney-shaped. Prostetes hemespherical, glandular in appearance. No ovarian chamber. Spermathecal ampulla ovoid; atrium simple, rounded.
DISTRIBUTION:Ootacamund, S.India. Also in Aru island
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida pellucida bournei
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species pellucida bournei
TYPE:
LENGTH:55-142
DIAMETER:2-4mm
SEGMENTS:144-191
COLOUR:Bluish or brownish red
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobous retractile. Setae closely paired.Clitellum ring shaped. Septa 5/6-8/9 thickened, 9/10-14/15 displacced somewhat backwards dorsally. 3 or 5 gizzards, in some of the segments. Estis sacs almost spherical, or somewhat constricted by the septum and projecting. prostates spherical, smooth. no ovarian chamber; ovisacs exended back. spermathecal ampulla ovoid; atrium absent.
DISTRIBUTION:Vakvalla, Bentota, Kaniva, Kandy, Colombo, Trincomali,-all in Ceylone
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida pellucida pallida
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species pellucida pallida
TYPE:
LENGTH:100-125mm
DIAMETER:3-4mm
SEGMENTS:235-245
COLOUR:Bluish green
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Three or four gizzards.
DISTRIBUTION:Sliencottah, E.side of W.Ghats, Travancore
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida pellucida pellucida
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species pellucida pellucida
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:South India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida pellucida raoi
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species pellucida raoi
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida periodosa
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species periodosa
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida pomella
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species pomella
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Assam, India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida ramnadana
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species ramnadana
TYPE:
LENGTH:44-55mm
DIAMETER:1.75-2mm
SEGMENTS:165
COLOUR:Anterior bluish grey, rest yellowish grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobus. Male pores small, eye shaped papillae. Setae minute, closely paired. Cliellum ring shaped. Septa 5/6-8/9 thickned. Three gizzards. Testis sacs large, somewhat constricted by septum, the larger part of the sacs; vas deferens enters front of prostate within the body-wall. prostates shortly tubular, stumplike, invested with a thick covering of gland cells. ovarian chamber perphaps absent; ovisacs extended backwards through saveral segments, constricted by the septa. spermathecal ampulla large, pear-shaped; atrium a small, simple sac, thickly pear-shaped; spermathecal duct opens into basal part of atrial chamber.
DISTRIBUTION:Ramnad, Madura Dist., S.India, on sandy coasal plain
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida rangamatiana
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species rangamatiana
TYPE:
LENGTH:137mm
DIAMETER:7.5mm
SEGMENTS:237
COLOUR:Light grey
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium absent, Setae closely paired small.Septa 5/6-8/9 very stout. Four gizzard. There are two commissures on each side in this segment. Testis sacs recall those of D.ghatensis; Prostate closely curled, cylindrical, softish, not shiny, joined by vas deferenns below its middle. Ovarian chamber presen; ovisacs small, finger-shaped. Spermathecal ampulla small, globular; atrium- a long stalked appendages, erect, ental portion dilated in the form of a cone with a rounded tip; duct joins atrium in body-wall.
DISTRIBUTION:Rangamati, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bengal.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida robusta cochinensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species robusta cochinensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Kerala, South India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida robusta ophidioides
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species robusta ophidioides
TYPE:
LENGTH:310mm
DIAMETER:7mm
SEGMENTS:200
COLOUR:Bluish to olive green
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Three gizzards. Prostates hemispherical, or even more prominent, not overhanging.
DISTRIBUTION:Ootacamund and Coonoor, Nilgiris, S.India; in swamp and wet ground
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida robusta robusta
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species robusta robusta
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Nilgiris, South India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida rotungana
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species rotungana
TYPE:
LENGTH:62mm
DIAMETER:4mm
SEGMENTS:187
COLOUR:Witish
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobus. Setae small, closely paired. Clitellum indistinct. Male pores on small. Septa 4/5 thick, 5/6-8/9 extremeny thick. Six gizzard. Testis sacs larger, compact, rectangular, constrincted by the septum. Vas deferens joins the body-wall just in the front of the internal to prostate. prostate hemispherical, sessile. ovarian chamber present; ovisacs extended backwards. spermathecal ampulla ovoid; no atrium.
DISTRIBUTION:Rotung, Abor Country, E.Himalayas.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida ruber
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species ruber
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:From Salem in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida rubra
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species rubra
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:From Salem
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida sapphirinaoides
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species sapphirinaoides
TYPE:
LENGTH:125-175mm
DIAMETER:5.5mm
SEGMENTS:160
COLOUR:Bluish red
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Setae closely paired. Septae 6/7-8/9 very slightly thickned. Four or five gizzards. Testis sac ovoid. Prostates hemispherical, flattened, of glandular appearance. An ovarian chamber present. Atrium as a large undivided swelling at end of the spermathecal duct.
DISTRIBUTION:Pyakara Waterfalls; Nilgiris, S.India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida scandens
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species scandens
TYPE:
LENGTH:38-45mm
DIAMETER:1.5-1.75mm
SEGMENTS:144-161
COLOUR:Blusih green, Brown or Olive
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Anterior end rather bulbous. Prostomium prolobus. Setae closely paired, large and prominent, especially in the ventral bundles. The anterior part of the body is rather greater; Cliellum? Male pores two pairs, the anterior in9/10, rather outside the line of setaeon a median transverse somewhat dumbell - shaped cushion, extending on each sides. posterion male pores over the normal situation of groove 10/11, just outside the line of setae.Septa 6/7-8/9 considerably thickned, 5/6 thin, 9/10 and a few following also slightly thickned. two gizzards. Prostates two pairs, elongated, cylindrical or pear-shaped, surface soft, minutely papillated. no oarian chamber; ovisacs may extend back. spermathecal atrium relatively large, ovoid and sac-like, duck entering near base.
DISTRIBUTION:Forest of Shimoga and Kadur Dist., Mysore; Bhagamandla, Coorg, Pondicherry, S.india
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida schunkarai
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species schunkarai
TYPE:
LENGTH:110mm
DIAMETER:3.5-5mm
SEGMENTS:200
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Setae very fine and closely paired, Septa 5/6-8/9 thickned, the first moderately, the rest very much. Four gizzars. Testis sacs large,much constricted by the septum, projecting equally on each side; each portion of the sac concave inwards, nearly meeting its fellow above the gut. ental portion of vas deferens is thicker, and wavy; it then becomesthinner and closely coiled. Prostate hemispherical, smooth,and with muscular shimmer. ovarian segmants much narrow by the approximation of the septa, extending back. spermathecal ampulla large, thickly pear-shaped; atrium small,almost concealed in the body-wall, receives the duct at its broad ental pole. Acessory organs as two pairs of blind club-shaped tubes
DISTRIBUTION:Cape Comorin.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida somavarpatana
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species somavarpatana
TYPE:
LENGTH:85mm
DIAMETER:4mm
SEGMENTS:124
COLOUR:Brownish yellow
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostium small, retracted under segment. No dorsal pores.Nephridiopores in line with lateral setae. Setae closely paired. Septa 5/6-8/9 slightly thickned. Three gizzards. Testis sacs as in D.ghatensis, extending back. Prostates consists each of two tinger-shaped structure, side by side, united below in a narrow neck, which again swell ou somewhat at its ermination, where it joins the parietes; surface soft, friable. ovarian chamber present; Spermathecal atrium bifid. strong transverse muscular bands on inner surface of the body-wall in prostatic region.
DISTRIBUTION:Somvarpet, Coorg
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida sp 1
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species species1
TYPE:Epianecic
LENGTH:60-120mm
DIAMETER:3-5mm
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:Bluish
CASTING:Rubber plantation
DESCRIPTION:Geophagous, Soil and leaf litter
DISTRIBUTION:
DNA BAR CODING:






Drawida sp.jpg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida sp 2
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species species2
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida sulcata
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species silcata
TYPE:
LENGTH:67-70mm
DIAMETER:3-3.33mm
SEGMENTS:150
COLOUR:Dirty white
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Setae very fine, very closely paired; Male pores with very small papillae. Seminal furrows begin at 10/11, at first converge slightly , and reach 11/12 near he middle line; and die away at the meddle, septa 5/6-8/9 very strong. Five gizzards, the first 2 rather smaller. testis sacs larger, sharply incised by the septum. Prostates hemispherical, shortly stalked, surface mammillated. oarian chamber absent; ovisacs extend back much consricted by 12/13. spermathecal ampulla pear-shaped; atrium very small, simple, nearly hidden in body-wall
DISTRIBUTION:Coonoor, Nilgiris, S.India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida thurstoni
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species thurstoni
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:Bengal, India
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida tihunensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species tihunensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:
SEGMENTS:
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:
DISTRIBUTION:India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida travancorensis
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species travancorensis
TYPE:
LENGTH:185mm
DIAMETER:3mm
SEGMENTS:130
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Setae closely paired, especially the lateral in anterior part of the body. Cliellum saddle-shaped. Male pores comma- like slits, the broader end towards the middle line. Septa 5/6-8/9 fairly srongly thickned. Two gizzard, he first rather smaller. Testis sacs projecting. prostates larger, regular pear-shaped, smooth, no glandular investment. ovarian chamber present ; ovisacs thick, short, extending backwards through one or two segments. spermathecal ampulla thickly pear-shaped; atrium a fairly large, simple, slender club-shaped sac.
DISTRIBUTION:Kottayam, Travancore, S.India.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida uniqua
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species uniqua
TYPE:
LENGTH:220mm
DIAMETER:5mm
SEGMENTS:316
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Septa 5/6-8/9 thixkned. Gizards four or five, testis sacs lemon shaped. Prostates teat-like, turned backwards. No novarian chamber. Spermathecal ampulla pear-shaped to ovoid; duct with simple atrial widening at ectal end.
DISTRIBUTION:Ootaeamund and Coonoor, in Nilgiris.
DNA BAR CODING:






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NAME OF THE SPECIES:Drawida willsi
TAXONOMY:Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes   Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta - oligochaetes    Order Opisthopora    Family Moniligastridae    Genus Drawida Species willsi
TYPE:
LENGTH:
DIAMETER:2.5mm
SEGMENTS:155-160
COLOUR:
CASTING:
DESCRIPTION:Prostomium prolobus, transversely oval in shape. Setae closely paired, especially the lateral. Septa 6/7-8/9 thickned, especially the first two; 910 and 10/11 dislocated backwards dorsally. Two gizzards. Testis sacs constricted by septum. Prostates short thick tubes, somewhat bent or depressed, nearly disc like, with thidk covering of pear-shaped glands. a second pair of prostates, similar but smaller, inconnecton with the additional male pores. ovarian chamber present; ovisacs largeextending back through about six segments, constricted by the septa. spermathecal ampulla ovoid; atrium moderately large, simple, ovoid, almost unstalked; ducts enters ectal end of atrium.
DISTRIBUTION:Bilaspur, Central Provinces; Hyderabad, Deccan.Pondicherry
DNA BAR CODING:






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